Opportunities to invest in the solar energy sector have become abundant after Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc issued a decision to encourage the development of the sector last year.
Under Decision 11/2017/QD-TTg, which took effect in June last year, power generated by solar projects will be paid 9.3 cents/kWh (VND2,086) for 20 years, a profitable rate for investors. The price could change for operators going on stream after June 30 next year.
Illustrative image (Source: VNA)
Similarly, investors signing power selling contracts with the Vietnam Electricity Corporation until that date will be eligible for various incentives related to land, capital and import and corporate taxes.
According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade’s electricity and renewable energy department, as of the end of last June 100 major solar energy projects with a total capacity of 4.7 GW by 2020 had been licensed.
Besides, generation of 11.55MW of rooftop solar energy has also been approved.
The central provinces of Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan, the southern provinces of Tay Ninh and Long An and the Central Highlands province of Dak Lak offer the best locations for solar energy with few rainy days and many sunny days in a year.
In Ninh Thuan, for instance, the number of hours of sunshine in a year is 2,800 and the radiation is equivalent to 1,800kWh/m2 in a year.
The Trung Nam Group plans to invest VND5 trillion (US$218 million) into building a 204MW solar plant in Thuan Bac district in Ninh Thuan.
It is expected to become operational by June 2019 and supply 450 million kWh of power a year to become one of the most important energy projects in the country.
CMX Renewables with Singaporean partner Sunseap will set up a 168MW plant at a cost of VND4.4 trillion (US$192 million).
In Binh Thuan, solar energy capacity is expected to rise to 4,755MW by 2030 and the plants are expected to cost VND110 trillion (US$4.8 billion) to build. The province has licensed 15 projects.
In Tay Ninh, Xuan Cau Group and Thailand’s B.Grimm Company have invested US$420 million in setting up a 420MW solar energy plant.
In Long An, Bamboo Capital Investment Fund has joined hands with the Republic of Korea’s Hanwha to build a 100MW plant, and in Dak Lak, three projects with a total capacity of 3,367MW have been approved in Ea Sup district.
According to the national renewable energy development strategy for 2030, solar power will increase from 10 million kWh in 2015 to 1.4 billion kWh in 2020 and 35.4 billion kWh in 2030.
In one year after Decision 11/2017/QD-TTg and guidance circulars were issued, many major solar projects have been proposed. However, they face many hurdles due to lack of clarity over tax provisions, connectivity with the grid and relationship between power sellers and buyers, especially in the case of rooftop solar energy.
Investors wanted related authorities to soon put in place the complete mechanism and link them with the grid system to avoid wastage since numerous projects are likely to go on stream at the same time before next June.