Vietnam plans to have at least 10 hi-tech agriculture production zones comprising 200 enterprises by 2020. To date, it has attracted 20 enterprises.
1. Vietnam-Australia JSC, a foreign invested enterprise with a branch in Bac Lieu province, has pioneered shrimp super-intensive farming in greenhouses. The company has spent VND180 billion to farm shrimp on an area of 50 hectares, which brings a yield of 40-80 tons per hectare each crop, or 300 tons per hectare per annum, 10-15 times higher than traditional farming methods.
In Vietnam, there are many different shrimp farming models. Under the extensive farming model, there are 3-6 shrimp per square meter. Meanwhile, under the super-intensive model, there are 300-500 shrimp per square meter. High technologies must be applied for super-intensive farming, including Israeli membrane technology, US and German periodic water filtration technology and biotechnology.
With the investment rate of VND7 billion per hectare, it is 10 times more costly to follow the super-intensive farming model than the traditional model. However, the new model is believed to help Vietnam strengthen competitiveness to overcome technical and trade barriers set up by import markets.
2. Japan, Dubai, the Republic of Korea and the Middle East are markets where FOHLA banana is favored. This banana is being grown by Huy Long An Company on an improved land area on which plants could not grow 20 years ago.
According to Vo Quan Huy, director of Huy Long An, the investment rate is up to millions of dollars. There are about 2,500 banana trees on every hectare of land which give 20-30 tons of finished products. With the selling price of VND8,000-10,000 per kilo, the expected profit rate is 25%-30% in good management conditions.
With high quality, good taste and more competitive price than Filipino bananas, FOHLA bananas have hit the shelves at Japanese supermarkets.
3. A Vietnamese group of scientists headed by Prof Nguyen Quang Thach has successfully created a high-quality potato variety in aeroponic environment.
Meanwhile, aeroponics farmed vegetables are now used by many Vietnamese.
“With farming area of 200 square meters, I can provide 100 kilos of vegetables to the market everyday,” said Duong Minh Trung, director of Rau Sach Ngon.
Trung said the farming model saves more water than other models, because water is sprayed on vegetables and collected back in water tanks for re-use. Regarding fertilizer, Trung buys waste meat and bone products from fish plants and processes it into fertilizer.
4. The Dancing Lady Orchid garden of Pham Thi Nhung covers an area of 3 hectares in Lam Dong province. This is a greenhouse equipped with spraying irrigation system and high-capacity fans. The flowers bring nearly VND10 billion a month to Nhung’s family.