Aiming to improve the quality of personnel in the medical sector, in September, MoH proposed to shorten the education duration for a medical Bachelor’s degree from 6 to 4 years.
After completing the four-year degree, students who wish to do medical research or to lecture in the medical field will proceed to pursue a Master’s or Ph.D degree.
Students who wish to pursue medical practice will embark on another 2 years of formal education to get a ‘medical doctor’ certificate.
Medical doctors who wish to become ‘general practitioners’ will then take a one-year internship at hospitals, then pass a national medical exam to be certified as general practitioners and qualified for medical practice.
Medical doctors who wish to become ‘specialist doctors’ will spend 2-3 years practising their medical specialties at hospitals, then take an exam to be certified as specialist doctors.
Nguyen Minh Loi, deputy director of the Administration of Science, Technology and Training under MOH, said that such “ramification” would highlight the difference between theoretical education and practical training.
Medical researchers would be educated differently from medical practitioners, which would improve the doctors’ capabilities in providing medical treatment in reality, he said.
|A practice session on animal parts of medical students at the Hai Phong Medical University in the northern Hai Phong City. — Photo: VNA/VNS
Associate Professor, doctor Nguyen Duc Hinh, principal of the Ha Noi Medical University, said that the shortened curriculum provided initial training, which only ensured that medical graduates would receive the same salary as graduates from other four-year majors.
However, 11-12 years of training were required of those who wish to become specialist doctors, six years for general education and the other six for specialist training, he said.
Dr Tran Binh Giang, deputy director of the Viet Nam-German Hospital said that the six-year general curriculum was heavily theoretical at the moment.
There were no “unified, exact” measures in the medical field to evaluate the quality of medical graduands, which maked it difficult “to tell whether they will become good doctors,” he added.
He said that even though medical graduands practised at hospitals, the lack of evaluation criteria made it difficult for them to see whether they were making progress with their practices.
The two-year residency training programmes provided by medical universities choose to train the best medical students only to keep them doing theoretical research at universities and academies, leading to a severe shortage of medical practitioners in the country, he said.
Dr Pham Manh Hung, chairman of the Viet Nam Medical Association, said that since medicine was an ever-evolving profession, the current standards were inadequate to provide doctors with a one-time certificate like how it is being done in Viet Nam.
“Doctors around the world have to take exams every 5 years to renew their licences to practise medicine,” he said.
“They must keep their medical knowledge updated and continuously hone their skills in order to ensure safe medical practice and reduce the number of medical complications,” he said.VNS