Vietnam has 13 highway routes with a total length of 745km. Traffic accidents on highways made up about 13% of total road accidents, but were much more serious than most others.
The latest serious accident occurred on the Hanoi – Haiphong Highway recently when a tanker transporting oil crashed into a semi-lorry, killing two people. The semi-lorry had stopped on the shoulder to change a tyre, but it encroached a little into the driving lane, according to the highway managers.
Tran Anh Tu, Director of the Hanoi-Haiphong Highway Management Board, said that the board had banned highway stops except for unavoidable technical reasons, but many drivers stop on the side lane to rest instead of at the designated rest stations.
In addition, about 50% of car breakdowns were repaired on the highways by their owners, incurring serious risk of accidents, he said.
According to the highway code, drivers must call a repair service if their cars break down, said Tu. If they cannot call one and they try to solve the problem by themselves, they must use warning signals.
As many as 80% of traffic accidents on highways were caused by drivers lack of concentration and loss of control through speeding, according to the Transport and Development Strategy Institute.
Le Van Dat, an expert from the Transport and Development Strategy Institute, said traffic accidents stem not only from drivers’ low awareness of safety issues, but also because services along the highways do not meet real demand.
Only 10 stopping stations were set up along 13 highway routes for drivers to relax, fuel up and fix breakdowns. The Hanoi-Haiphong road does not have a single stop station.
Several investors applied intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in managing highways on five routes, but the application only checks transport conditions and protects the investors’ infrastructure, said Dat.
Other transport experts are concerned about health problems.
In 2013, then Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung approved a project on traffic accident emergency assistance along highways by 2020, under the responsibility of the Ministry of Health. But the project has not been implemented. In addition, many medical stations are too far from accident scenes, resulting in delayed aid.VNA