Interoperable smart card system for public transportation in Hanoi
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In the future, the e-ticket itself could be also used as E-money at many shopping malls all over Hanoi. The project therefore would contribute to setting a potential basis for a smart city in the years to come.
There must be an initiative to develop the common rules defining the technical details of the interoperable automatic fare collection (AFC) system from the front-end portion to the highest level of the clearing system to establish a mechanism for the settlement of payment among different transport operators.